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How to make a really cool photo or the power of lines in a photo.

A very powerful tool for improving composition in photography is the use of lines. Firstly, they create a mood, and secondly, they "guide" the viewer's eyes through the photograph to the main subject of the picture. The photographer as if takes the viewer by the hand and leads through the area, indicating the path.

The lines in the composition can be divided into the following types:

1. horizontal;


3. diagonal;

4. All the rest - broken, curves, arched, “S” - shaped, etc.


Horizontal lines are serenity and peace, balance and infinity. In the picture, they give the feeling that time has stopped and can be used to contrast with another more dynamic part of the picture. The reservoir line, the horizon line, fallen objects, sleeping people - these are all examples of images that indicate constancy and timelessness. To photographs, consisting entirely of horizontal lines, were not boring, you need to add some object to the frame. A beautiful stone by the sea that comes in contact with the sky, a lonely tree in a field, etc.


Vertical - convey the mood of power, strength, stability (skyscrapers) as well as growth and life (trees). The proper use of vertical lines can also give a sense of peace and tranquility. For example, a tree in a foggy forest, old pillars in the water, or a field, a figure on a secluded beach early in the morning. If the vertical lines are repeated, they set the rhythm in the photo and enhance the dynamics.


Diagonal lines indicate movement, give the picture dynamism. Their strength lies in their ability to keep the viewer's attention: his gaze, as a rule, moves along the diagonals. Examples of diagonals are numerous: roads, streams, waves, tree branches, etc. You can arrange several objects diagonally. The colors of one object can also be diagonal. Using the diagonal lines, place them just above or below the left corner of the photo, as our eyes scan the image from left to right. This will also prevent the visual division of the frame into two parts. Always leave “a place for a step” in front of a moving object - this will give it even more dynamics.


Curved lines - elegant, sensual, dynamic, create the illusion of liveliness, diversity. They can zoom in or out or create balance. “C” - shaped curved lines or arcs are the most common - because this is the shore of the sea, lake, rounded stone, rock or curved stems of grass. If we talk about architecture, then these are arches. Several repeating arches look very impressive.


Such lines are also called beauty lines. This is an aesthetic concept, a component of artistic composition, a wavy, curving curved line that gives the image a special grace. The human body is the best example, from the arch of the foot to the curve of the neck.

An “S” shaped curve is estuaries, winding roads, paths.

The frame can combine straight and curved lines. This gives the composition of the frame balance, stability. The body of this acoustic guitar is an excellent example of an “S” curve. Pay attention to the use of other lines in this photo - diagonal lines of guitar strings, and horizontal lines - notes on a sheet in the background.


Broken lines give the pictures an alarming, and even aggressive character. Such an impression when viewing photos with broken lines arises from the fact that the gaze often has to “jump” along the lines and change direction.


A special role in linear constructions in the frame is assigned to lines, which are usually called "leading into the frame" or "leading lines". These are real or imaginary lines that originate from one of the lower corners of the frame and go into its depth, most often to the semantic center of the image, located at the point of the "golden section". Pictures constructed according to this principle are easily “readable”, their content reaches the viewer’s consciousness almost instantly, and this is one of the main conditions for a good composition.

Remember that the lines themselves are not a panacea for the composition. If the picture is not saturated with content, but only includes individual elements that coincide with imaginary lines or curves (such as road markings, light trails left by headlights, lanterns, gratings, house arches, bridge arches, embankments of embankments, river bends, etc.) - this is not a composition. The lines help us outline the path of the viewer's gaze, and accordingly decipher the story or story that we want in the picture that we want to convey to him. They also serve to convey the depth of the picture.

By themselves, the lines in isolation from surrounding objects and the color-tonal environment do not mean anything, so the content of the frame is the basis of success!

Source: photodzen com
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