The previous Kiev-10 had a number of drawbacks, mainly the exposure metering with the help of a selenium element did not suit the designers anymore, and the necessity of introducing the Csd photoresistor element into the new camera was not in doubt. In the mid-70s, TTL exposure metering was used in most imported DSLRs and not the most expensive ones. Its presence in the Soviet automatic camera was simply required (to overtake).
- Mirror of constant sight.
- Auto exposure in camera.
- Manual mode.
- Exposure metering system TTL.
- The viewfinder displays 86% of the frame (22x34).
- Doden wedges and fresnel lens are in sight.
- Bayonet - auto.
- Standard lens Helios-81 automatic.
- The Tee version has two photoresistors.
- The TTL version has one photoresistor.
Ergonomics and design:
I took it in my hands and realized that a kilo of aluminum was in my hands for sure, they didn't save. In addition to being overweight, Kiev-15 received larger dimensions than the legendary predecessor Kiev-10. If we discard the obvious obesity, then I would like to note a more convenient layout of the shutter button (2.), it has received a different shape and the index finger does not stretch. The shutter speed mode selector (1.) was moved to the left side of the front panel, it became much more convenient to control the aperture. The trigger also underwent characteristic changes, if earlier it was partially hidden in the bowels of the camera, now it is fully displayed on the top panel.
To turn on TTL metering, in particular the entire automatic complex, there is a toggle switch on Kiev-15 (3.). If it is constantly on or forget to turn it off, the battery will run out. Another great feature, Kiev-15 Tee has a dual set of Cds photo resistors. But they do not work simultaneously, the main photoresistor is always on. The second photoresistor is auxiliary, when the main one is not able to accurately measure the exposure, it is necessary to turn on the second one manually. Switching on or off the second element must be done at 60 exposure and only at it, then the head (4.) must be pulled up and placed in front of the yellow circle. All this misfortune was called dual-band automation. In 1980, they switched to a single-band type of automation, such a Kiev-15 received a TTL prefix instead of Tee. And there was no longer a need to switch between photoresistors.
All sophisticated automation is built on the basis of objective exposure metering, as in Kiev-10, automation works on the principle of presetting exposure, that is, exposure priority. In fact, in-camera TTL metering was introduced in Kiev-10, although not without difficulties.
Slightly reworked the tape rewind tape (6.). The button for opening the film compartment (5.) Is no longer covered with a tape measure as it was in Kiev-10.
For TTL metering, without which the automation operation is impossible, the RC-53 battery or its analogue PX625A is required, it is placed in the case under the bottom panel (8.). Next to it there is a button that releases the stopper (9.) Blocking rewind.
The unique fan-type shutter was borrowed from Kiev-10, it migrated with all the diseases and shortcomings. Its main advantage is a relatively large range of exposures, 1000-500-250-125-60-30-15-8-4-2 and "B". Considering the small fleet of high-aperture optics for the automatic mount, the shutter capabilities are more than enough for amateur photography. Flash sync occurs at 60.