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How to achieve a cinema picture by shooting on a DSLR

To create a cinematic effect when shooting a video, there are several basic techniques that I will discuss in this article based on personal experience. 

When shooting on the Nikon D850, I try to make the picture on the video spectacular. I like it when the video is voluminous, not flat, but the frames are interesting, forcing the viewer to think about the semantic line and just look at the picture full of details. 

Professional motion pictures differ from amateur ones in that they more fully convey the atmosphere present in the video. They are ideally built in composition and light, expressive and completely immerse the viewer in the ongoing action.
There are several main components of the motion picture: light, color correction, cropping and composition. Briefly go through them. 

Lighting 
Light is one of the most important moments when shooting a video. To achieve the film effect, you need to create volume in the frame. You can use sources such as natural daylight and artificial video light for this.
For example, in the video above, natural light from the windows was used; direct sunlight added expressiveness to the picture. To create such a frame, specify in advance when the sunlight will directly hit the room where the shooting takes place. The need for large windows in this case, I think, is understandable. In addition to natural light, a video light was used here, illuminating the wooden background behind the subject and emphasizing its texture and volume. 

Since all the windows in the room were located on one side, and I needed light from two, I had to resort to a combination of artificial and natural lighting. In this way I wanted to play in contrast - a lot of light, air and dark initially, an old, tattered room with its own history and atmosphere. Video lighting added the missing lighting, accentuated. So do not be afraid to use both natural and artificial light if the situation requires it.
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To create even greater volume in the frame, put the subject with your back to the sun or take a photo lamp - a mobile light that has been actively used by photographers and videographers recently to create various special lighting effects. With it, you can simulate the sunset. This kind of light is called backlight (the light source is behind the subject).

I think the ideal time to shoot backlit video is an hour or two before sunset. At these moments, the light is soft, a pleasant shade that beautifully emphasizes the subject. Sometimes backlight can be combined with the main light source directed directly at the object, if it is necessary that the object is clearly visible on the video, or to create a more atmospheric picture. Thanks to this, you will get wonderful shots, no worse than in the movies.
If you want to add more comfort and atmosphere to the video, do not be afraid to direct the light sources directly into the lens. This method will complement the video with natural highlights that add life and dynamics and diversify too simple frame. Glare from the sun or a photoflash are frequent companions of romantic and creative videos.
Color correction
When working on films, certain color grading is often used. It all depends on what mood you want to convey in the video. For example, a warm color creates an atmosphere of comfort, warmth, love. It is often used when shooting romantic videos, comedies, family films. To perform color correction in such tones, move the White Balance slider toward a warm hue, moving away from the natural color temperature. Let the frame be a little yellower than in reality, do not be afraid to experiment with warm color. To brighten the picture, you can add a little saturation.
The example below shows that a combination of warm and cold shades was used - Teal & Orange. This tinting is necessary for a more contrasting highlight of the main subject when the skin is warm and the background is cold. To achieve this effect, first tint the shadows and penumbra in the desired cold shade, with the content of green or blue. Next, create a mask along the red channel, that is, focusing on the skin. After these manipulations, the skin remains a natural warm hue, and everything that is behind the object becomes cold. A very effective technique that they like to use in action films and action films.
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Cold tinting better conveys loneliness, sadness, cold. Often, such color grading is used in thrillers, horror films, mystical detectives. A cold tinted frame is created by adding color to the shadows and penumbra. In the lights and half-lights most often the skin "sits", therefore I do not advise tinting them. 

Color video light will add cinematography and artistry to the picture. It is used in science fiction films to create a parallel reality effect. Look for the right combination of colored light with each other experimentally until you achieve the desired effect. Classic combinations are red / blue, yellow / green, red / green. Colored light is usually used as a drawing light to add volume, that is, placed on the side of the subject.
Play with white balance, but make sure that there are no stray shades in the shadows. Color correction will directly affect the perception of the video by the viewer.
Composition 
The video uses the same rules and techniques for constructing a frame as in photographs. The rule of thirds is considered classic, it is used in almost all videos. Mentally divide the picture into three parts horizontally and vertically. Try to distribute all important objects at the intersection of imaginary lines. It is believed that the human eye primarily sees these points, and therefore the picture in this case seems more attractive. Thanks to this rule, you will move away from the banal central composition in order to reach more complex compositional scenes in the future. But remember that we are shooting a video, and video is movement. Therefore, the frame should remain a place for moving objects.
Conclusion 
Thus, in order to get cinematic shots, you need to be guided by some rules. Use several light sources to create a three-dimensional image, and in natural light do not be afraid to work with backlight, best of all - during sunset. Choose your color grading based on the mood in the video. Crop 16: 9 is used in almost all films, follow this unspoken rule. Composition is incredibly important for such shots. Remember the rule of thirds, diagonal, perspective. Fill each frame with meaning; using the front, general and middle planes will help you in this. Following my recommendations, you can create spectacular motion pictures no worse than in professional films. 
Source: prophotos ru









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