1. Two objects
The first mistake that Renft calls “two objects” is placing two objects of the same “weight” in the frame. As a result, the viewer's attention is divided, he does not know what to look at first, what is more important here.
Instead of dividing the image between two objects, select the main one, place it in the foreground and separate it from the background with a shallow depth of field. This will immediately attract the attention of the viewer to the desired object.
2. A look “per frame”
In the second error, the image is again divided into two parts, and the model’s view is directed beyond the frame.
Depending on the situation, you can use such a composition, but for a more balanced image, the character’s gaze should be directed “inside” the frame - in this case, to the stream in the background.
In this example, background elements “cut” the object and image, scattering attention.
To correct the mistake, Renft finds a more open background, where you can clearly separate the object in the foreground from the background. Tangents here create a frame and direct the viewer's gaze to the model.
4. “Lazy” composition
Renft's favorite example is the “pet test”. This is a typical frame with a dog or cat that most people will take without thinking about the composition - if only the object was somewhere within the frame.
Meanwhile, improving such a photo is very simple. You just need to find a different angle (in this case, at eye level). Renft's advice is not to be lazy to look for opportunities to build a composition