Storage and daily care
Make it a rule - before you start working with equipment, do not be lazy and read the instructions. It may contain important and useful information on care, features that you need to know and observe. Always clean the equipment in good light using a hard, stable surface.
When using the camera, make sure that your hands are always clean and dry. Make sure that the camera is protected from the weather and mechanical influences. For a large or SLR camera, you should purchase a photo bag - a wardrobe trunk. For compact - a special case. Choose a case or case to protect the camera as much as possible from rain and dust.
Always try to keep your photo equipment clean. If moisture has got on the camera, and especially when it got inside, turn it off immediately, immediately remove the battery, wipe the camera with a dry handkerchief or cloth. It is best to use a separate microfiber cloth, for example, Jessops. Let the camera dry. Do not disassemble the camera yourself. If it needs to be disassembled and repaired, it is better to entrust it to professionals and send it to a service center.
It is very good if the camera, when not used, is contained in a plastic bag - this will reduce the likelihood of dust, and also protect the camera from moisture and temperature extremes, especially in winter. It is advisable to put fresh silica gel in the bag. Always store additional memory cards in a special plastic case or bag so that the contacts are not dirty.
If the camera will not be used for a long time, it must be cleaned of dust and dirt, remove the battery, remove the lens from the SLR and put the covers on the camera and lens. The battery should not remain completely discharged - it must be charged periodically.
Photographic equipment should be stored indoors at room temperature and normal humidity. Do not allow the camera to lie near batteries or heating devices so that direct sunlight does not fall on it.
Do not leave equipment in the car, especially in the trunk. In winter, the camera can freeze very much, and in summer, on the contrary, overheat - especially under the windshield. When it is exposed to extreme temperature changes, condensation forms inside.
Try not to leave photographic equipment idle for a long time. Take off every two weeks, twist the lens, drive autofocus. Work with the flash, both external and internal. Electrical circuits need to work - electrolytic capacitors must be charged and discharged so that everything is in good condition. The same is with mechanics - it should not “rust”, all moving parts and mechanisms should work periodically, lubricant should be distributed evenly. When the equipment works, it remains in a “combat” state for a long time.
If dust or sand gets on the camera, brush it off with a soft brush and wipe the body with a flannel cloth. The LCD display must be wiped away from stains with a special cloth soaked in cleaning fluid.
If sand, dirt got into hard-to-reach places, for example, the slot where the memory card is inserted, you should use cotton swabs. Sometimes you can use a toothpick or a lint folded corner napkin.
The camera and lens mounts should be very carefully cleaned with a brush or wiped with a separate microfiber cloth, which should be stored in a bag (this cloth, by the way, can be washed). When cleaning, the camera and lens should be turned down so that the specks do not get inside.
Optics should be monitored especially carefully, because you don’t want spots, dots, stripes on the pictures. The lens and viewfinder should not be cleaned with a flannel cloth or rags. It is very useful to purchase and always have a special pencil for cleaning optics - LensPen. It is very convenient to use: on the one hand, a soft brush to remove large particles, dust and sand from the lens and other parts of the camera, and on the other, a felt circle to clean the glass from stains.
Do not wipe the lens with felt, cloth or cleaning fluid until you have removed sand, large particles, otherwise the surface of the lens may be damaged. It is necessary to first remove dust particles and grains of sand on the lens and under the rim with a brush and pear, and then wipe it.
It is better not to use one brush for all occasions. There should be one for optics, another for the case, and a third for internal nodes. Depending on the frequency of use, the brushes need to be washed, as well as blow the hairs with a pear.
You need to use a special pear - for a photo. Get a high-quality "photo-pear", not a cheap plastic one. Do not try to use a medical enema! It is completely unsuitable for these purposes; both talc and small rubber particles can be blown out of it, as the product itself ages. It is advisable to use a larger pear - the blown stream will be more powerful. Store it in a sealed plastic bag so that no specks get inside. Before work, blow air several times so that all the specks fly out.
When a couple of small dust particles get on the lens, you should not be zealous - this does not affect the image quality. But once again it is advisable not to scratch the lens. It is useful to use a protective filter - it is easier to replace it than a scratched front lens on the lens.
If sea water has fallen on the front lens or filter, first remove the salt with cotton swabs or cotton wool wound on a non-metallic stick. Moisten cotton wool with distilled water. Then wipe the surface dry with moistened cotton swabs or lint-free wipes.
On sale you can find special kits for cleaning optics and camera body. They usually contain a special liquid for cleaning optics. It is enough to use 1 or 2 drops (depending on the diameter of the lens) on a special paper towel, which is part of the kit. During cleaning, do not press hard on the lens, try to work without effort. Begin cleaning from the center, by rotational movements in a spiral to the edge. Suitable liquids are Canon, Cokin, Unomat. Or a more serious Lens Clens product.
After wet cleaning, take a new cloth or cotton swab, and now work a little more energetically, with a light pressure. Try to clean intensively so that no rainbow stains remain. If the liquid evaporates itself, spots may remain, in which case repeat the procedure. If the lens is not cleaned and there is a barely noticeable moire, use LensPen or a microfiber cloth to finish the job. I
f there are specks on the frosted glass of the viewfinder of the SLR camera (this is not reflected in the photographs), you cannot clean it with cotton swabs, with a brush - new specks, cotton wool brushes and brushes will appear. Moreover, no liquids should be used. You can only blow very carefully with a pear. But the pear can add new specks. The mirror in the camera is very fragile, it can never be scratched - this can affect the operation of the focusing systems and metering. It is better not to pay attention to these specks of dust - because they do not affect the quality of the photographs.
We clean the matrix of the SLR camera
Of course, the matrix can be cleaned in the service center, but this procedure is not cheap, and if the camera is used intensively and lenses change frequently, the matrix should be cleaned often. Fortunately, this difficult procedure can be carried out independently.
This should be done carefully and carefully, without rushing. Cleaning requires focused attention and accuracy, you need to work very carefully.
The SLR camera's matrix can be cleaned by blowing dust off with a special blower. Especially if the dust particles are large - they should be easy to clean. If this does not help, then there is a second way to clean the matrix of the SLR camera from dust. It is necessary to purchase a special EKLIPS cleaning agent, it is based on methanol, which helps remove dust particles adhering to the sensor.
You need to work in the following sequence:
1. Insert a fully charged battery or connect the camera to the AC power via the power adapter. In this case, you need to be sure that there will not be a power failure in the AC network - the camera should not accidentally turn off. Do not use a worn-out battery with a short battery life.
2. A well-lit area in the room where there is no dust is suitable for cleaning. In no case do you clean the matrix where smoke can enter, including from a cigarette. Good bathroom. However, the room should not be too humid, otherwise, condensation will form on the matrix. Do not clean immediately after showering or washing.
3. Only plastic tools can be cleaned. Do not hold plastic sticks with metal tweezers, etc., since you can inadvertently scratch the camera's matrix.
4. Install a cap on the camera instead of the lens, wind a lint-free napkin on a special brush, turn on the camera and select Sensor Clean from the menu. Then press the SET button.
5. As soon as you press the SET button, the shutter opens and the mirror rises. Turn the camera over, remove the plug from it. Then drop 2-3 drops of “ECLIPS” onto the very tip of the brush with a napkin wound around it, draw it along the length (along) the frame from one edge to another.
6. Without lifting the brush from the sensor surface, swipe it up to a vertical position across the frame. And, tilting the brush in the opposite direction, swipe it along the frame in the opposite direction. This is the end of the cleaning. Do not clean again with an old cloth. You can only clean it with a new one. Do not forget to see if anything superfluous is left in the cell. Close the hole as soon as possible with the plug and turn off the camera. This is the only way to close the shutter and lower the mirror.
7. Attach the lens and photograph the clear blue sky with aperture of f16 or f22. Copy the file to the computer and use the “auto level” command in the graphic editor to evaluate the cleaning result. If necessary, repeat the procedure again.
After cleaning, immediately discard the used cloth. Only use a new one each time.
The first attempt may not work right away. Do not worry if the camera sensor is not completely dust free. Over time, you will learn how to clean on the first try. The frequency of cleaning depends on how often you shoot and under what conditions. When using the camera for professional work or in dusty, sandy areas, with frequent lens changes, it is possible that you will have to clean the sensor almost daily. Naturally, each cleaning begins with checking the state of the matrix.
If you see no more than three small specks of dust, and not in the middle of the frame, but at the edges - it does not make sense to carry out excessive cleaning, because in everyday shooting, especially if the subject is colorful, bright and contrast, and the aperture is set to f2-4.5, these specks of dust you just won't notice.
When choosing products for cleaning optics in the store, pay attention to the quality of the product. Buy a product from a well-known manufacturer: look for the presence of a website on the label, the coordinates of the manufacturer. If you buy liquid from an unknown manufacturer, it is better to first try it on an old and unnecessary lens or filter.