Development of Smena-8 began in the first half of 1963. At the same time, since 1961, the production of the previous flagship of these scale devices, Smena-6, was already underway.
Smena-6 was a very successful and functional camera. There was nothing much to improve, and therefore, from the innovations Smena-8 received only a) the ability to rewind the captured film and b) the rewind head locking after the advance of one frame.
It is necessary to explain about blocking.
The cut-off of the broach of 1 frame was in all post-war Shifts. But it is realized by blocking the gear wheel, which held the film by the perforation.
If the user exerted force, it was not difficult to break the perforations.
The innovation of Smena-8 was that the rewind head itself was blocked.
As for the usefulness of rewind on Shift - IMHO the function is almost useless. As a child, I shot a lot with Smenoi-8M (everything is similar to Smena-8 with rewind, and never rewind). It is much faster to move the empty cassette to the reception. Issue price - 1 additional cassette.
True, cassettes are needed with a clip on the reel. Already in the 90s, for a DSLR, I often bought film immediately in plastic cassettes, and the film in them was attached to a reel with adhesive paper. Such a cassette is not suitable for quickly rearranging for a reception.
But basically, all the same, I personally bought the film just in rolls. It had to be pre-wound into a cassette. And therefore, I had plenty of convenient and reliable metal cassettes with clips on the reels.
I think in the early 60s, roll film and metal cassettes with a clip on a reel were used overwhelmingly.
However, having a feature is always better than not having it. Maybe it's more convenient for someone.
It is also known that the English firm TOE, which was going to import the Shifts, also insisted on the presence of rewind.
Smena-8 does not spoil collectors with a wealth of visual options, although there are differences between releases.
Firstly, Smena-8 was produced for a long time - from 1963 to 1971, and three logos of the enterprise - GOMZ, LOOMP, LOMO - had time to be seen on the devices.
Secondly, in 1967 a batch of devices was released for the anniversary of the Revolution. This is exactly the copy in the review.
However, there are few differences from the base model. A small metal plate with the inscription "50 years of October" was attached to the device itself. Quite nondescript, by the way.
Plus a more colorful box and a mention of the anniversary in the instructions. I have no box,
In addition to Smena-8 with the symbols of 50 years of October, there are also Smena-6, which were produced in parallel. Photo from sovietcams.com.
Third, since 1968, the tripod socket has changed size from 3/8 to 1/4 inch.
And finally, fourthly, the device was actively exported and therefore, it is found both with the native name written in the Latin alphabet "Smena-8", and with special ones such as "Kosmik-35" or less often - "Global-35".
And, yes, I almost forgot. In this frame, most likely it is Smena-8.
Since the beginning of 1969, a simplified version of the eighth Smena, Smena-9, was produced. The Ninth Shift did not have a self-timer. This made it possible to reduce the price of the device from 13.5 to 11.5 rubles.
The release of Smena-8 was discontinued with the advent of a new, well-known device - Smena-8M, which had a more modern appearance and similar functionality (the -8M does not have a self-timer).
In the review there is a jubilee copy of Smena-8 in good condition with the number 555894.
Smena-8 was produced at LOMO (before that GOMZ, LOOMP) from 1963 to 1971.
The volume of the eighth shift in various sources is 2.12 - 2.43 million pieces.
The standard lens is a fixed triplet T-43 4/40. Aperture limit - f16.
The shutter is central. Beats shutter speeds: 1/15, 1/30, 1/60, 1/125, 1/250, V.
The unit is equipped with a self-timer and a wired sync terminal.
The weight of my copy is 317 grams.
Smena-8 has a traditional Smena-classic building and visually differs little from Smena-6.
A distinctive landmark is the light rewind head. If you look closely, you can see that several screws have changed location.
On the front of the device, only the lens with the shutter assembly (more on that later) and the front viewfinder window on the left are visible.
The massive head of the frame advance (right) is open from 3 sides - front, back and right. It is very convenient to rewind the film. The head is grasping, with good knurling.
Behind - a rectangular viewfinder eye. The viewfinder at the 8th shift gives an absolutely bright picture in real scale.
A sliding button for unlocking the device is on the left side. The door is removable, not tilted - be careful not to drop the device.
There is only a tripod socket on the bottom panel. In this instance, it is under the old standard 3/8 inch. The socket is located along the axis of the lens.
Above Smena-8, from left to right, are:
- Rewinding head;
- Bracket for accessories;
- Counter of frames with a reminder of the sensitivity of the film;
- Shutter button
Release button with cable slot. It has a relatively tight stroke and, due to its small diameter, it is not very pleasant to press it.
The rewind head is small and, in fact, inconvenient to use. Fortunately, the device retained the ability to use two cassettes.
There is a central shutter unit at the base of the lens.
Shutter speed is switched by rotating the ribbed ring at the base of the lens. You can change the shutter speed both when the shutter is cocked and when it is released. Flash sync is available at any shutter speed.
To cock the shutter, you need to lower the winding lever (pictured on the right) down until it stops. The lever will lock in this position.
To release the shutter, you need to press the button on the top of the case.
The use of the self-timer is traditional for this design. We cock the shutter. Then, we cock the self-timer, for this we move the lever down, where it will be fixed. Press the shutter button.
When pressed, the self-timer lever will hum and return to its original position. At its top point, the shutter is triggered.
The aperture control ring is located on the front section of the lens. It is inconvenient to control the aperture. The ring is narrow and recessed behind the front slice of the lens.
The depth-of-field scale is marked on the shoulder straps around the lens.
To focus, you need to rotate the entire lens by the knurl in the front.
The closest focusing limit is 1 meter.
Attitude towards the camera.
With the release of Smena-8, the Smena line reached the peak of its functionality. I mean the production models, of course. Prototypes don't count. Further, only the design was mainly changed. Of course, this commands respect.